Txp rough search

n: smd_fuzzy_find | v: 0.22 | f: /

Documentation for the Textpattern plugin smd_fuzzy_find by Stef Dawson follows this short message from our sponsor ;-)

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Ever wanted TXP’s search facility to be a little more, well, inaccurate? Help people with fat fingers to find what they were actually looking for with this tool that can find mis-spelled or like-sounding words from search results.

Results are ordered by approximate relevancy and it’s automatically context-sensitive because the pool of words it compares against are from your site. On a zoo website, someone typing in “lino” won’t get articles about flooring but more likely articles about lions, which is what they really wanted. We hope.


  • Search for similarly spelled, or similar sounding words (may be switched on/off)
  • Limit the search to article status, section or category to speed up proceedings
  • Tweak sensitivity to give better results (more specific, less likely to find a match) or general results (less specific, may match stuff you don’t expect)
  • Can offer links to exact search terms if you wish (a bit like Google’s “Did you mean …”)
  • Display matching articles using a form/container. Default is the built-in search_results form
  • Unless overridden using the match_with attribute, the Title and Body will be searched. Alternatively, if you have set the search locations using wet_haystack then those places will be searched instead


Stef Dawson, with notable mention to Jarno Elonen for the Fuzzy Find algorithm which — to this day — remains mere voodoo to me.

Installation / Uninstallation

Requires Textpattern 4.0.7 and smd_lib v0.33 must be installed and activated.

Download the plugin from either textpattern.org, or the software page, paste the code into the TXP Admin -> Plugins pane, install and enable the plugin. Visit the forum thread for more info or to report on the success or otherwise of the plugin.

To uninstall, simply delete from the Admin -> Plugins page.


The plugin is not a replacement for the built-in TXP search; it should be used to augment it, like this:

  <dl class="results">
      <txp:article limit="8" searchform="excerpts" />
    <txp:else />
      <txp:smd_fuzzy_find form="excerpts" />

Exact matches will be processed as normal but mismatches will be handled by smd_fuzzy_find. If you try to use smd_fuzzy_find on its own, you will likely receive a warning about a missing <txp:article /> tag.


Attribute name Default Values Description
search_term ?q ?q or any text You may use a fixed string here but it’s rather pointless
match_with article:body;title or wet_haystack criteria keywords / body / excerpt / category1 / category2 / section / id / authorid / title / custom_1 / etc Which article fields you would like to match. Define the object you want to look in (currently only article is supported) followed by a colon, then a list of semi-colon separated places to look
show words, articles words, articles / words / articles Whether to list the closest matching articles, the closest matching search terms, or both
section unset (i.e. search the whole site) any valid section containing articles Limit the search to one or more sections; give a comma-separated list. You can use ?s for the current section or !s for anything except the current section, or you can read the value from another part of the article, a custom field / txp:variable / url variable
category unset (i.e. search all categories) any valid article category Limit the search to one or more categories; give a comma-separated list. You can use ?c for the current global category or !c for all cats except the current one. Like section you can read from other places too
sublevel (formerly subcats) 0 integer / all Number of subcategory levels to traverse. 0 = top-level only; 1 = top level + one sub-level; and so on
status live, sticky live / sticky / hidden / pending / draft or any combination Restricts the search to particular types of document status
tolerance 2 0 – 5 How fuzzy the search is and how long the minimum search term is allowed to be. 0 means a very close match, that allows short search words. 5 means it’s quite relaxed and is likelt return nothing like what you searched for; search words must then be longer, roughly >7 characters. Practical values are 0-3
refine soundex, metaphone soundex, metaphone or soundex, metaphone Switch on soundex and/or metaphone support for potentially better matching (though it’s usually only of use in English)
case_sensitive 0 0 (off) / 1 (case-sensitive) Does what it says on the tin
min_word_length 4 integer The minimum word length allowed in the search results
limit words:5, articles:10 integer / words: + a number / articles: + a number The maximum number of words and/or articles to display in the results. Use a single integer to limit both to the same value. Specify articles:5 to remove any limit on the number of alternative search words offered, and limit the number of returned articles to a maximum of 5. Similarly, words:4 will remove the article limit, but only show a maximum of 4 alternative words. Both of these are subject to their respective show options being set
form search_results any valid form name The TXP form with which to process each matching article. You may also use the plugin as a container. Note that <txp:search_result_excerpt /> is honoured as closely as possible, i.e. if the closest words are found in the keywords, body or excerpt fields. If they are found in any other location (e.g. custom_3) the article title will be returned but the search_result_excerpt will likely be empty. This is a limitation of that tag, not the plugin directly
delim , any characters Change the delimiter for all options that take a comma-separated list
no_match_label MLP: no_match any text or MLP string The phrase to display when no matches (maybe not even fuzzy ones) are found. Use no_match_label="" to turn it off
suggest_label MLP: suggest any text or MLP string The phrase to display immediately prior to showing close-matching articles/words. Use suggest_label="" to switch it off
too_short_label MLP: too_short any text or MLP string Searches of under about 3 characters (sometimes more depending on your content) are too short for any reasonable fuzziness to be applied. This message is displayed in that circumstance. Use too_short_label="" to switch it off
labeltag p any valid tag name, without its brackets The (X)HTML tag in which to wrap any labels

Tips and tricks

  • If you can, limit the search criteria using status, section and category to improve performance
  • Tweak the refine options to see if you get better or worse results for your content / language
  • Most of the default values are optimal for good results, but for scientific or specialist sites you may wish to increase the tolerance and min_word_length to avoid false positives
  • For offering an advanced search facility, write an HTML form that allows people to customise the search criteria (e.g. check boxes for metaphone / soundex / case_sensitive ; text boxes for tolerance / min_word_length / limit ; select lists of categories to search ; etc). Then use a series of smd_if statements inside your <txp:if_search /> to check for the existence of each URL variable, check they have acceptable values and then plug them into the smd_fuzzy_find tag using replacements such as tolerance="{smd_if_tolerance}"

Known issues

  • Slow with large article sets
  • Searching for a word with an apostrophe in it may cause odd character encoding or incomplete results
  • Searching for multiple (space-separated) words can lead to odd results
  • Sometimes it makes you laugh and picks something that seems totally unrelated


  • 26 Mar 2007 | v0.01 | Initial public beta
  • 31 Mar 2007 | v0.02 | Fixed case sensitivity ; sped up and improved wordlist generation ; added refine to switch off soundex/metaphone if required
  • 06 Aug 2007 | v0.03 | Fixed: multi-word searching (smd_getWord bug) and search_result_excerpt ; added category and status support
  • 30 Dec 2007 | v0.1 | Official first release. Added labeltag and custom field support ; fixed bad counting in limit attribute (thanks Els)
  • 23 Jan 2008 | v0.11 | Fixed: MLPing some strings broke the plugin (thanks Els)
  • 01 Apr 2008 | v0.12 | Moved some smd_lib functions to the plugin ; requires smd_lib_v0.32
  • 02 Dec 2008 | v0.2 | Requires smd_lib v0.33 ; tentative unicode support ; will read search locations set by wet_haystack ; enhanced subcats and renamed it sublevel ; added delim ; enhanced debug output ; plugin can now be used as a container ; tightened code, enhanced ? and ! support ; fixed smd_getWord (again!) and field list bug
  • 19 Dec 2008 | v0.21 | Fixed MLP string bug
  • 17 Oct 2013 | v0.22 | Added class smd_fuzzy_suggest to suggested word anchors


This plugin wouldn’t have existed without the original Fuzzy Find algorithm by Jarno Elonen, as noted above. All kudos goes in that direction. Also, extended thanks to the beta testers, especially Els Lepelaars for feedback and unending patience during development. And of course Team TextPattern for the best CMS on the planet.

Source code

If you’d rather frolic in the raw code halls, you’ll need to step into the view source page.

Legacy software

If, for some inexplicable reason, you need last century's version of a plugin, it can probably be found on the plugin archive page.

Experimental software

If you’re feeling brave, or fancy skateboarding into volcanos, you can test out some of my beta code. It can be found on the plugin beta page.